What is Alcoholism?
Firstly, addictive behaviour is maladaptive or counter-productive to the individual. So instead of helping the person adapt to situations or overcome problems, it tends to undermine these abilities.
Secondly, addictive behaviour is persistent. When someone is addicted, they will continue to engage in their addictive behaviour despite it causing them constant problems.
Examples of Addictive Behavior
A gambler might wish he had more money yet gambling is more likely to drain his financial resources. A heavy drinker might want to cheer herself up yet alcohol abuse contributes to the development of their depression. A sex addict may crave intimacy yet the focus on sexual acts may prevent real closeness from developing.
The effects of alcohol
Drinking heavily over a short period of time usually results in a “hangover” – headache, nausea, shakiness, and sometimes vomiting, beginning from 8 to 12 hours later. A hangover is due partly to poisoning by alcohol and other components of the drink, and partly to the body’s reaction to withdrawal from alcohol.
Tolerance and Dependence
People who drink on a regular basis become tolerant to many of the unpleasant effects of alcohol, and thus are able to drink more before suffering these effects. Yet even with increased consumption, many such drinkers don’t appear intoxicated. Because they continue to work and socialize reasonably well, their deteriorating physical condition may go unrecognized by others until severe.
What is Alcohol?
Alcohol is Ethanol, also commonly called Ethyl. It is the principal type of alcohol found in alcoholic drinks produced by the fermentation of sugars by yeasts. Alcohol is a neurotoxin which is a poison that acts on the nervous system. Alcohol is also a Psycho-active Drug and one of the oldest recreational drugs used by humans. It can cause alcohol intoxication when consumed in sufficient quantities.
Ethanol is a volatile, flammable, colourless liquid with a slight chemical odour. It is used as an antiseptic, a solvent, a fuel, and, due to its low freezing point, the active fluid in post-mercury thermometers. Its structural formula, CH3 CH2 OH, is often abbreviated as C2H 5OH, C2H6O or EtOH.
Alcohol is a Poison
Symptoms of alcohol intoxication include euphoria, flushed skin and decreased social inhibition at lower doses.
With larger doses producing progressively severe impairments of balance, muscle coordination (ataxia), and decision-making ability (potentially leading to violent or erratic behaviour) as well as nausea or vomiting from alcohol’s disruptive effect on the semi-circular canals of the ear and chemical irritation of the gastric mucous.
Sufficiently high levels of blood-borne alcohol will cause coma and death from the depressive effects of alcohol upon the central nervous system.
Despite it’s widespread use and alcohol’s legality in most countries, many medical sources tend to describe any level of alcohol intoxication as a form of poisoning due to ethanol’s damaging effects on the body in large doses.
What the World Health Organization Says about Alcohol Intake
Alcohol intake in the WHO European Region is the highest in the world. The harmful use of alcohol is related to premature death and avoidable disease and is a major avoidable risk factor for euro-psychiatric disorders, cardiovascular diseases, cirrhosis of the liver and cancer. It is associated with several infectious diseases and contributes significantly to unintentional and intentional injuries. Further, excessive alcohol use during a woman’s pregnancy can lead to severe mental handicap of her child. WHO/Europe’s alcohol policy framework
Alcoholism In Ireland
There are around 88 deaths every month in Ireland which are directly attributable to alcohol.
Alcohol has major public health implications in Ireland due to our high levels of consumption and the fact that binge drinking is commonplace. The harmful use of alcohol is a causal factor in more than 200 disease and injury conditions, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
Is there a Medical Cure for Alcoholism;
There is no known cure at moment and it’s not for the lack of trying, many groups and agencies are actively trying to overcome this.
National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
The National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism’s position is that “alcoholism is a disease”. The craving that an alcoholic feels for alcohol can be as strong as the need for food or water. An alcoholic will continue to drink despite serious problems with family, health, or legal issues.
Like many other diseases, alcoholism is chronic, meaning that it lasts a person’s lifetime; it usually follows a predictable course and it has symptoms. The risk for developing alcoholism is influenced both by a person’s genes and by his or her lifestyle.
Is there a Daily Reprieve
The 12 Step recovery program is the greatest therapy known to mankind, in a world where we deal with facts, there is no other organisation, government agency or group that can produce the facts the way they can. There are meetings all over the world, people from all nations and walks of life in recovery today.
Physical allergy to alcohol, and a Mental Obsession of the mind, this is an illness two fold in nature.
The physical allergy to alcohol.
An allergy is an adverse reaction to a food or chemical substance, the consequences of taking the first drink sets off the phenomenon of craving that can never be satisfied. This is where one drink is too much, and a hundred is not enough, this is the well known spree that is spoken about.
An Obsession of the Mind
Is an idea that overrules all other ideas. The doctor tells you : you can’t drink. The judge tells you : you can’t drink. Your family tells you : you can’t drink and many others will say the same. But the Obsession of the mind will at times overrule all of these caring people who can see very clearly your struggle.